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Improving Sepsis Management Through the Emergency Quality Network Sepsis Initiative

Published:August 04, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjq.2022.08.002

      Background

      Public reporting of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS) SEP-1 sepsis quality measure is often too late and without the data granularity to inform real-time quality improvement (QI). In response, the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Emergency Quality Network (E-QUAL) Sepsis Initiative sought to support QI efforts through benchmarking of preliminary draft SEP-1 scores for emergency department (ED) patients. This study sought to determine the anticipatory value of these preliminary SEP-1 benchmarking scores and publicly reported performance.

      Methods

      Cross-sectional analysis was performed on QI data collected from hospital-based ED sites participating in the E-QUAL Sepsis Collaborative in 2017 and 2018. Participating EDs submitted SEP-1 benchmarking scores semiannually, which were compared to publicly reported CMS SEP-1 data. EDs also reported implementation data on a variety of sepsis-related QI activities for comparison based on SEP-1 performance.

      Results

      Among 220 EDs participating in E-QUAL, SEP-1 benchmarking scores showed weak but statistically significant correlation with CMS SEP-1 scores (r = 0.189, p = 0.01). Mean E-QUAL SEP-1 benchmarking scores were higher than mean CMS SEP-1 scores (74.1% vs. 57.2%), with 83.2% of sites reporting a benchmarking score higher than the CMS SEP-1 score. EDs with SEP-1 scores in the bottom 20% reported completion of more sepsis-related QI activities than EDs with average or top 20% SEP-1 scores.

      Conclusion

      Preliminary benchmarking results demonstrate a weak, statistically significant correlation with subsequent publicly reported CMS SEP-1 scores and suggest that ED performance in sepsis care may exceed overall hospital performance inclusive of all inpatients. Sepsis quality measurement and sepsis QI efforts may be best guided by separating ED sepsis cases from in-hospital sepsis cases as is done for other acute time-sensitive conditions.
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